Štiavnické Bane was from the 15th century on a centre of technological, cultural and spiritual education of the Austrian-Hungary monarchy, whose importance reached beyond the boundaries of modern Slovakia.
Štiavnické Bane is an old mining settlement, historically consisting of the settlements of Siglisberg and Vindšachta. Vindšachta represented a complex of administrative and operating mining buildings, and due to their great economic importance it was necessary to fortify and protect the rich mining works at the time of the coming Turkish incursions. From the once vast Renaissance fortification system of 21 gates, bastions and towers only one circular bastion has been preserved, which is at present in a desolated state; it is essential to do everything necessary to preserve this exceptional historical building in all of its beauty for future generations.
From the history of the bastion – a circular fortification
“All of Vindšachta was surrounded by the fortifications against the Turks. Maps from 1709 and perhaps from the 2nd half of the 17th century enable the fortifications work to be divided into three stages:
The first stage consisted of the construction of walled buildings and partially wooden ramparts. It contained three gates of square shape, namely the Štiavnická, Fuchslošská and Vnútorná gates. The interior gate was a part of the internal fortifications and is the only gate which is still preserved after several construction modifications. In the walled ramparts three bastions of circular shape were built, one of which still stands today. Between the Fuchslošská and the interior gate were two walled bastions of irregular five-angled shape, with a peak in the direction away from the ramparts. A part of the ramparts was walled, while the part in a south-western direction was of wood. The first stage of the fortification works probably were not completed according to the design. Near the Špitaler mining shaft the wooden rampart was disturbed, perhaps because after closing the fortifications with the Štiavnická gate only a small portion of the mining objects would have been within the protected area. Between the first walled bastions a walled observation post called the Tascher tower was built. The circular shape of the tower was in the upper part expanded by a wooden observation gallery.” Jozef Ivanič: Piarg, page 21
“On the relatively small territory of Vindšachta 9 walled gates and bastions, 4 wooden gates and 8 guard towers were added to the 24-towers of the capstan buildings. To this were a small church, a Marian column and a number of crosses.
The frame of this agglomeration was formed by the miners’ houses, thickly scattered behind the ramparts. Their largest concentration was in Horný Fuchsloch. Two to four populous families lived in a small house. Old extraction buildings near the abandoned mining works were also adapted for housing. Thus appeared the village upon arrival of the Hell family.” Jozef Ivanič: Piarg, page 22